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FOSSILISED WOOD AND PLANTS

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Home > FOSSILS > FOSSILISED WOOD AND PLANTS

FOSSILISED WOOD AND PLANTS

Plants first appeared on land in the Silurian Period but the first really abundant plant fossils are found in the coal-bearing rocks of the Carboniferous Period when what is now Britain was situated near the equator.  In these equatorial forests were giant club mosses, horsetails and seed ferns. Conifers, cycads and ginkgos were common in Britain during the Jurassic Period. Flowering plants (angiosperms), which today make up the great majority of plant species, did not appear until the early Cretaceous. 

Plants are uncommon fossils because plants are fragile and were rarely likely to be buried and fossilised. The exception is fossilised wood which is found all over the world and is extremely popular with collectors.