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FOSSIL TROPICAL PLANT - 300 million years old - France

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Home > FOSSILS > FOSSILISED WOOD AND PLANTS

THE BARK OF LEPIDODENDRON
- AN EXTINCT CLUBMOSS TREE

300 million years old

Marles-les-Mines, France

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A fossil from the tips of a coal mine in France.

300 million years ago in the Carboniferous period, Britain and France were situated on the equator and were covered by tropical rain forest with giant trees and strange fern-like plants. Much of this vegetation was compressed into layers of coal, but some plants left impressions in mud, which eventually hardened into stone.

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Lepidodendron was one of a group of giant club mosses (lycopsids) that formed a large part of the tropical Coal Measures forests. Although some of these trees reached a height of over 40 metres (130 ft) they were really only gigantic herbs and not true trees. Coal is thought to have been formed mostly of the roots of lycopsid trees. Unlike modern trees, the interior of the trunk was soft cellular pith, the support for these trees being the outer bark. As a result the trunk and branches are often preserved as natural casts.

Click on a picture for a larger image



Size: 10 x 9 x 3 centimetres
Weight: 545 grams

PRICE: £30.00
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